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अपने ज्ञान को साझा करना (शेयर), यह एक तरह से अमरत्व को प्राप्त करने जैसा है- दलाई लामा XIV (Translated By-Asheesh kamal)

Today's LIS Word

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Anonymizer

proxy server that functions as a privacy shield, enabling the user of a client computer to use the Internet without leaving a trace of his or her identity. Anonymizers can be used to prevent identify theft and to protect search histories from disclosure. They can also be used to protect illegal activities, such as distribution of child pornography, from scrutiny. Synonymous with anonymous proxy. British spelling: anonymiser.



****Yesterday's LIS Word****
Integrated Library Management System (ILMS)
An Integrated Library Management System (ILMS) is also called as an Integrated Library System (ILS). An ILMS is an automated system to facilitate technical functions of a library These functions generally include circulation, acquisitions, serials control, cataloguing, etc. An ILMS usually consists of a relational database, software to interact with that database, and two graphical user interfaces, one each for staff and another for users. In most ILMSs, separate software functions into separate modules, each of them integrated with a unified interface. An ILMS improves the efficiency of internal library operations, facilitates interoperability of information systems and provides users with easy access to library resources and services. Some of the ILMs from India and abroad are LibSys, Koha, Evergreen, VTLS, SOUL, e-Granthalaya, Sanjay, NewGenLib, etc.

Digital Rights Management (DRM)
DRM is a file-encryption and access-control system that locks e-books both to a customer's identity and to specific software controlled by the company. Digital rights management (DRM) schemes are various access control technologies that are used to restrict usage of proprietary hardware and copyrighted works. DRM technologies try to control the use, modification, and distribution of copyrighted works (such as software and multimedia content), as well as systems within devices that enforce these policies.
The use of digital rights management is not universally accepted. Proponents of DRM argue that it is necessary to prevent intellectual property from being copied freely, just as physical locks are needed to prevent personal property from being stolen,  that it can help the copyright holder maintain artistic control, and that it can ensure continued revenue streams. Those opposed to DRM contend there is no evidence that DRM helps prevent copyright infringement, arguing instead that it serves only to inconvenience legitimate customers, and that DRM helps big business stifle innovation and competition. Furthermore, works can become permanently inaccessible if the DRM scheme changes or if the service is discontinued. DRM can also restrict users from exercising their legal rights under the copyright law, such as backing up copies of CDs or DVDs (instead having to buy another copy, if it can still be purchased), lending materials out through a library, accessing works in the public domain, or using copyrighted materials for research and education under the fair use doctrine, and under French law. The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) and the Free Software Foundation (FSF) consider the use of DRM systems to be an anti-competitive practice.

Source:

1.    Natali Helberger (2006). "Christophe R. vs Warner Music: French court bans private-copying hostile DRM". INDICARE.
2.     Computer Forensics: Investigating Network Intrusions and Cybercrime. Cengage Learning. 2009. pp. 9–26. ISBN 1435483529.
3.    Christopher Levy (2003). "Making Money with Streaming Media". streamingmedia.com. Archived from the original on 2006.
4.    "The pros, cons, and future of DRM". Cbc.ca. 2009. Digital locks — also known as digital rights management (DRM) technologies or technological protection measures (TPM)
5.    "The DRM graveyard: A brief history of digital rights management in music". opensource.com.
6.    "FairPlay: Another Anti-competitive Use of DRM". Electronic Frontier Foundation. "Fair Use and DRM". Electronic Frontier Foundation.
7.    "Fact Sheet: Digital Rights Management and have to do: Technical Protection Measures". Priv.gc.ca. 2006.
8.    "DRM". Electronic Frontier Foundation. 

ओसीएलसी (OCLC)

ऑनलाइन कंप्यूटर लाइब्रेरी सेंटर ( Online Computer Library Center) (संक्षिप्त तौर पर ओसीएलसी (OCLC) "एक गैर लाभकारीसदस्यताकंप्यूटर पुस्तकालय सेवा और अनुसंधान संगठन है जो अग्रसर सार्वजनिक प्रयोजनों के लिए दुनिया की जानकारी तक पहुँचने और सूचना की लागत कम करने के लिए समर्पित है"। 1967 में ओहायो कॉलेज लाइब्रेरी सेंटर के रूप में स्थापितओसीएलसी और उसके सदस्य पुस्तकालय दुनिया में सबसे बड़े ऑनलाइन पब्लिक एक्सेस कैटलॉग (ओपेक) वर्ल्डकैट का सहयोगात्मक उत्पादन और अनुरक्षण करते हैं।




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5th Anniversary of LIS Cafe, Founded on 13 September, 2011-Creator/Author/Editor-Mr. Asheesh Kamal

5th Anniversary of LIS Cafe, Founded on 13 September, 2011-Creator/Author/Editor-Mr. Asheesh Kamal
Creator, Owner, Administrator, Editor, Author and Compiler of LIS Cafe Me (Mr. Asheesh Kamal)

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