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अपने ज्ञान को साझा करना (शेयर), यह एक तरह से अमरत्व को प्राप्त करने जैसा है- दलाई लामा XIV (Translated By-Asheesh kamal)

Tuesday, December 8, 2015

Impotent Notes for all LIS Related Exams

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The Encyclopcedia Britannic it was first published between 1768 and 1771 in Edinburgh , Scotland as three volumes. 15th edition contained 32 valumes 1985 to 2010. Micro- and Macropcedia, which encompass 12 and 17 volumes, respectively, each volume having roughly one thousand pages. The two-volume index of 1995 has 2350 pages. There is also
the Propcedia with topical organization of the contents. And there are some versions for
children. After 244 Years, Encyclopcedia Britannica Stops the Presses". New York Times.
Retrieved 13 March 2012.
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PERT was developed in the late 1950's for the U.S. Navy's Polaris project is management
tool using statistical techniques for System Analysis. Planning , Scheudling and Controlling
are the different phase of PERT Study. PEART approach is a device developed to
Better utilize of time in a series of activities
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PRECIS was developed by Derek Austin for use in the BNB published weekly,PRECIS adopted 2 line entry format for all Entries. In PRECIS Main line operators,interposed operators and differencing cooperators are the role operators. In 1967 come into being. Shunting method in index is used in PRECIS
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Tagging in web 2.0 application is called Syndication /Directory. Web 2.0 websites allow users to do more than just retrieve information. Major features of Web 2.0 include social networking sites, user created web sites, self-publishing platforms, tagging, and social
bookmarking.
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Six sigmais a business management strategy developed by MOTOROLA company inUSA in 1981. It seeks to improve the quality of process output by identifying and
Removing the cause of defect and minimizing variability in manufacturing and business process.
It uses a set of quality management methods including statistical method and creates a special infrastructure of people within the organization.
Application in libraries:
1) Developing specialized pool of library professionals
2) Developing quality services
3) Judicious budget allocation
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Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR)is a conceptual entityrelationshipmodel developed by the International Federation of Library Associations andInstitutions (IFLA) that relates user tasks of retrieval and access in online library catalogues and bibliographic databases from a user's perspective. It represents a more holistic approach
to retrieval and access as the relationships between the entities provide links to navigate through the hierarchy of relationships. The model is significant because it is separate from specific cataloguing standards such as AACR2 or International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD). Four entity of FRBR model are Work, Expression, Manifestation,Item. The FRBR Final Report was first published in print in 1998 by K.G. Saur as volume 19of UBCIM publications
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There are 6 Auxiliary tables are in DOC 23rd Editionpublished 2011 June,John S. Mitchell editor of the 22 & 23rd Edition published by OCLC. 1st edition DOC Consisted of 44 pages
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ISBN (International Standard Book Number)changed from 10 digits to 13 from January 2007 ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for
Standardization (ISO)First launched in 1969. In 2011 the ISBN allocation office in India shifted from Kolkatta to Delhi ISBN 978 3 digit belong to country represent of INDIAN Publication ISBN contains 13 digit number 5 parts First componet of an ISBN number Group Identification , second Publisher,
3rd Title Identifier, 4th Check Digit, EAN (European Article Number) is similar to a UPCNumber
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Luther Gulick, an American has described the functions of an executive in terms of anacronym POSDCORB, representing Planning , Organizing , Staffing, Directing , Coordinating , Reporting and Budgeting . it related to Library Administration
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Samuel Rothstein expanded Wyer's theory in 1960 by characterizing reference service as
"minimum,' 'middling ' and 'maximum
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User education may be provided in four interrelated areas which are User's awareness,user studies, library orientation , bibliographic instruction
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Computer memory is measured in Bytes, Kilobytes, Megabytes. Gegabytes, Terebytes
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The term "Truncation & Boolean operators are is used in Search Formulation and Online information Retrieval the logical operator "'ND" , "OR", "NOT", were devised by GeorgeBoole
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there are many Content Management software(CMS)freely available

PLONE,
joomla ,
jumbo.
Open cms,
Fedora ,
Drupal ,
Open source cms,
alfresco,
Dspace,
Open CMS,
Kumera,
Microsoft Office 365, Microsoft Live
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MEDLINE a public domain database, It's contains journal citations and abstracts for
biomedical literature from around the world.(Pubmed.com) free access, published by NLM
National Library of Medicine US.
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Information Requirements of the Social Science (IN FROSS) is an important study
frequently quoted in Experimental Research
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Web 3.0 its most important features are the Semantic Web and personalization. Focusing on
the computer elements, Conrad Wolfram has argued that Web 3.0 is where "the computer is
generating new information", rather than humans.
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The imperial library culcuta(Now known as National Library of India started full time
diploma courses librarianship in year 1935)
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Library week celebrated14th to 20th November (the memories of PanditJawharla Nehru)
annually since 1968
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Dr.S. R. Ranganathan's autobiography, published serially during his life, is titled
A Librarian Looks Back.
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FID (International Federation for Information and Documentation) it was established in
1895 by (Paul Otlet and Henry Ia Fontain with the aim of compiling universal bibliography
of Literature. Development of UBC the name FID adopted in the year 1933 located Hague.
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You can find Broader Terms(BT), Narrower Terms(NT)and Related Terms(RT)in
thesaurus.
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The National Knowledge Resource Consortium (NKRC),established in year 2009, is a
network of libraries and information centres of 39 CSIR and 24 DST institutes. NKRC's
origin goes back to the year 2001 , when the CSIR set up the Electronic Journals
Consortium to provide access to 1200 odd journals of Elsevier Science to all its users.
Developed by NISCAIR, New delhi. Access of Science Direct(Eiseiver
Subject collections wise) has been activated for all member institutions from 1st
January, 2012.
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DEL-PLUS: This software was designed and developed by Developing Library Network
(DELNET)
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e-Granthalaya is a library automation software from National Informatics Centre,
Department of Information Technology, Ministry of Communications and Information
Technology.
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Evergreen:Evergreen is an open source library management software, freely licensed
under the GNU GPL. It was first launched in September, 2006 in Georgia's PINES
consortium.
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FireFly: FireFly is a Complete Public Library system. It is being written in Python , Peri,
with all data being stored in XML. The driving force behind this project is to give public
libraries a Free-Software set to run and maintain library systems.
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Koha is the world's first open-source Integrated Library System (ILS) and it is distributed
free of cost (open source, and so no license fee, ever). It was initially developed in New
Zealand by Katipo Communications Ltd and first deployed in January of 2000 for
Horowhenua Library Trust.
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Library Information and Management System (LIMS):LIMS is a unique library
system, designed , developed, implemented and fully tested by library professionals. It is
distributed free of cost to the libraries.
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LibSys 7:It is a web based library software product from Libsys Ltd. , Gurgaon, Haryana
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NewGenlib: NewGenlib is an integrated library management system developed by Verus
Solutions Pvt Ltd. Domain expertise is provided by Kesavan Institute of Information and
Knowledge Management in Hyderabad , India. On 91
h January 2008, NewGenlib was
declared as Open Source Software under GNU GPL Licence by Verus Solutions.
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Sanjay: The NISSAT sponsored a project to DES I DOC for developing programmes on
UNESCO's CDS/ISIS for enabling a library to do acquisition , circulation , etc. DESIDOC
has successfully modified the programmes and a new package based on CDS/ISIS was
released in 1992 by the name of SANJAY. Released in 1995
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SOUL 2.0: Software for University Libraries (SOUL) is the state-of-the-art library
automation software designed and developed by the INFLIBNET Centre, Ahmedabad
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WEBLIS is a free-of-charge Web based Library Integrated System based on CDS/ISIS.
The system has been developed by the Institute for Computer and Information Engineering
(ICIE), Poland.
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Berne Convention: The international convention for protection of literary and artistic
works was first signed at Berne on 9th September, 1886.
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Association for Information Management (ASLIB):An exploratory conference held at Hoddesdon, Hertfordshire in 1924 resulted in a decision to form the
Association of special Libraries and Information Bureau (ASLIB). In 1983, name of the Association was changed to "Association for information Management",
but as the association is well know as AS LIB , its acronym retained. Gournal of Documentation (quarterly)).
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Bengal Library Association: Bengal Library Association (BangiyaGranthagarParishad) , formerly known as All Bengal Library Association , was established in
1925 under the presidentship of Poet Rabindranath Tagore. Kolkata. The first periodical on Library Science in Bengal was published by the Bengal Library
Association in 1937 as "Bengal Library Association Bulletin- BangiyaGranthagarParishadPatrika".
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The short term "blog ," was coined by Peter Merholz in 1999.
Evan Williams at Pyra Labs used "blog" as both a noun and verb ("to blog ," meaning 'lo
edit one's weblog or to post to one's web log")
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A Bulletin Board System , or BBS, is a computer system running software that allows users
to connect and log in to the system using a terminal program (The largest such network
wasFidoNet).
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Bulletin Board System From a technological standpoint, forums or boards are web
applications managing user-generated content. Early Internet forums could be described as a
web version of an electronic mailing list or newsgroup
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Zero Based Budget:It was developed by Peter Phyor in 1970 to achieve greater effective
Planning and fiscal control. The term "zero based" is derived from the first step in
the process- the development of a hierarchy of functions based on the assumption that
the unit or agency is starting operation for the first time. The budget is concerned with
Future use. It means Budgeting afresh. This bud jet is without giving consideration
To the previous year 's budget.
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SAARC Documentation Centre, established in the year 1994 in India, is one of the
Regional Centre of SAARC. The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
(SAARC) was established 8 December 1985 by the Heads of State or Government of
Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and SriLanka
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Data Mining: Data mining means the extraction of hidden predictive information from
large databases. It is the process of analyzing data from different perspectives and
summarizing it into useful information- information that can be used to increase revenue,
cuts costs, or both. It is "the nontrivial extraction of implicit, previously unknown, and
potentially useful information from data". Technically, data mining is the process of
finding correlations or patterns among dozens of fields in large relational databases.
Data Mining is also called as data or knowledge discovery. Data mining software is one of a
number of analytical tools for analyzing data.
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CCF An international symposium in Taormina, Sicily conducted by UNESCO was held in
April, 1978. First edition of CCF was published in 1984 under the editorship of Peter
Simmons and Alan. Hopkins and its second edition was published in 1988 in two volumes
called CCF/B and CCF/F.
DATE Field I) Indicator, II) Sub Fields: Ill) Field Separator: iv) Record Separator
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Content Management System (CMS)is a computer application used to create , edit, manage, search and publish various kinds of digital media and electronic text.
Drupal, Joomula, (2005) Wikipeidia (2002). Z Object Publishing Environment (Zope)
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International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD):In 1961 , at the International Conference on Cataloguing Principles held in Paris, stress was laid on
the need of standardization in bibliographic description. IFLA was formulated and borught out.
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IFLA conference was held in Grenoble in 1973. After the conference two documents- ISBD
(M)and ISBD (S) were published. In 1975, the General International Standard
Bibliographic Description [ISBD (G)] was developed .
The ISBD prescribes eight (8) areas of description.
Standardized punctuation (colons, semicolons, slashes, dashes, commas, and periods) is used
to identify and separate the elements and areas. The order of elements and standardized
punctuation make it easier to interpret bibliographic records when one does not understand the
language of the description.
1: title and statement of responsibility area , with the contents of
1.1 Title proper
1.2 General material designation. GMDs are generic terms describing the medium of the item.
1.3 Parallel title
1.4 Other title information
1.5 Statements of responsibility (authorship, editorship, etc.)
2: Edition area
3: material or type of resource specific area (for example , the scale of a map or the numbering
of a periodical)
4: Publication , production , distribution, etc. , area
5: Physical description area (for example: number of pages in a book or number of COs issued
as a unit)
6: Series area
7: Notes area
8: Resource identifier (e.g. ISBN, ISSN) and terms of availability area
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Universal Machine Readable Catalogue (UNIMARC)appeared for monograph and serial in
1977 to facilitate the international Exchange of bibliographic data in machine readable
Form. UN I MARC follows the ISO communication format IS0-2709 (1981). By IFLA
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E- -journal consortia was started in October 1, 2003 UGC (ccess to various e-journals
formally began on January 1, 2004.) co-operation between UGC, ERNET, the inter
university centre, INFLIBNET,
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PILOT STUDYConsumer-research study done on a trial basis to determine the potential
of a larger and more in-depth survey of the same subject matter; also called pilot survey.
A pilot study is used in segmentation product usage, and attitudinal, motivational.
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z- Test: is based on the normal probability distribution and is used to judging the
significance of several statistical measures, particular mean comparing from large
population.
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t- testor binomial distribution, is applicable on the presumption that such a distribution
tends to approximate normal distribution n become larger. (Judging significant different)
It is applied when the sample series is Small number.
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Cross References is a space saver and serves to prevent duplication.
However, it is not worthwhile to use a cross reference if the length of the cross
reference takes more space than listing (repeating) the page numbers. Here
duplication is permissible. In making a cross reference, be sure the exact words of
the referenced heading are used. Also make sure there is such an entry. Follow the
capitalization style you have used for index entries ("See also education" if
common noun entries are lowercase, "See also Education" if all entries are capitalized).
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ICOLC-International Coalition of Library Consortia- An informal organization of
library consortia; the group focuses on consortia related to higher education.
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Research Institute for Newspaper Development (RIND)was established under
the Registration of Societies Act in 1979 with the joint efforts of seven newspaper
publishers and editors- the Anandabazar Patrika, Tile Hindu, Mafaya/a Manorama,
Deccan Herald, NaiOunia, And!JraPatrika and Gujarat Samac!Jar
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Router is a device that forwards data packets between telecommunications networks,
creating an overlay internetwork.
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Hypertext- A hypertext document is an electronic document that contains links to
related pieces of information., hypertext is text with pointers to other text.
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E-Mail= Electronic Mail early E-Mail originated in the early 1970s by
ARPANET and now it is primary method of communication. Email is the process of
sending and receiving messages electronically over the internet.
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Denudation : it is progressive decrease of extension and increase of the Intention or depth of
a basic subject or isolate idea.
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Lamination~ is constructed by overlaying facet on facet , even as we make sandwhich by
Laying vgetable layer over layoer read. E.g Agriculture in India
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Fusion :Two more than two subject fused together (Biology + Physics= Biophysics)
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Distillation : in the mode the pure subject distilled or emerged out of combination of
different compound subject: e.g Management, Statistical calculus, Microbiology,
Anesthesiology, International relations, Ergonomics, Forestry.
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Agglomeration in this mode several main subjects that are mutually and exclusively related
are agglomerated or grouped together to from into a single group (e.g Social Sciecne,
Natural Science,
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Cluster : lndology, sindology, etc.
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Five Law of Library Science= 1931 "Dr. S. R. Ranganathan
1. Books are for use (Particularly meant for better use of library, The first law constitutes the basis for the library services)
2. Every reader his/her book (This law suggests that every member of the community should be able to obtain materials needed. Collections should
meet the special interests of the community, and libraries should promote and advertise
their services extensively to attract a wide range of users.)
3. Every book its reader (This principle is closely related to the second law but it focuses on the item itself, suggesting that each item in a library has
an individual or individuals who would find that item useful. Ranganathan argued that the library could devise many methods to ensure that each item
finds it appropriate reader. One method involved the basic rules for access to the collection , most notably the need for open shelving)
4. Save the time of the reader (The library collection in one location provided distinct advantages. Excellent staff would not only include those who
possess strong reference skills, but also strong technical skills in cataloging, cross-referencing, ordering, accessioning, and the circulation of
materials)
5. Library is a growing organism (The growth in staff, the physical collection, and patron use. This involved allowing for growth in the physical
building, reading areas, shelving, and in space for the catalog etc).
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British Library's Automated Information SErvice (BLAISE):Blaise is an online
information retrieval service that includes access via a new graphical interface on the
World Wide Web. It is a library network which was introduced in April1977.
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At national level INDONET is India 's first data communication and computer network
that was started in March 1986 by CMC Ltd .. INDONET is a project of Computer
Maintenance Corporation of India
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Education and Research Network (ERNET)was launched by the Department of Education
(DOE), Govt. of India in late 1986 with financial assistance from United Nationals
Development Programme (UNDP) to provide academic and research institutions with
electronic mail facilities. It is currently used by DSIR Labs, research centres and academic
institutions.
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Scientific and Industrial Research Network (SIRNET)was established by INSDOC in late
1989 to interconnect all the CSIR laboratories and other R&D institutions in India.
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Bellary ShamannaKesavan is the first National Librarian of independent India.
He is also known as Father of Indian National Bibliography as it was first brought out in its
leadership on August 15, 1958. first Director of the Indian National Scientific
Documentation Centre (INS DOC) at New Delhi. In recognition of his great service to the
nation, the Government of India honoured him with Padma Shri. A charitable trust namely,
Kesavan Institute of Information and Knowledge Management (KIIKM) has been formed in
memory of him at Secunderabad.
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The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA)is United States (USA) copyright law that
implements two 1996 treaties of the World Intellectual Property Organization.
The DMCA's principal innovation in the field of copyright, the exemption from direct and
indirect liability of internet service providers and other intermediaries, was adopted by the
European Union in the Electronic Commerce Directive 2000. The Copyright Directive
2001 implemented the 1996 WIPO Copyright Treaty in the EU.
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The Right to Information Act, 2005 (22 of 2005) has been enacted by the Parliament and
has come into force from 15 June, 2005. This Act provides for right to information for
citizens to secure access to information under the control of public authorities in order to
promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authorit
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Joint Academic Network (JANET):The JANET was inaugurated on 1st April 1984.
It uses the Science and Engineering Research Council Network (SERCNET) UK
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The INFLIBNET centre which provides a platform for research students to deposit their
Ph. D. theses and make it available to the entire scholarly community through open access
is Shodhganga
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The agency of United Nations having its headquarters at Geneva , which is dedicated for the
use of intellectual property as a means of stimulating innovation and creativity is World
Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
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The h-index was suggested by Jorge E. Hirsch The h-index is an index that attempts to
measure both the productivity and impact of the published work of a scientist or scholar.
The index is based on the set of the scientist's most cited papers and the number of
citations that they have received in other publications
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Source: MLISc. IGNOU Study Materials
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